Above-the-line Film Set Roles Explained


In film production, “above-the-line” refers to the individuals who guide, influence, and define a film’s creative direction, process, and voice.

Above-the-line roles are typically fixed before the film’s production begins, and their compensation is usually negotiated before the commencement of the rest of the film’s crew or the “below-the-line” personnel.

In this article, you can see the typical above-the-line roles in a larger movie production.


The director oversees the film’s artistic aspects, guiding the technical crew and actors in fulfilling that vision.

The director has a key role in choosing cast members, production design, and the creative aspects of filmmaking.

Check out some masterclasses with famous directors here.

Director of Photography (Cinematographer):

This role, which can occasionally be seen as either above or below the line, depending on the production, is responsible for the visual aspects of a film.

They work closely with the director to achieve the film’s aesthetic and oversee the camera and lighting crews.


The producer is often the film’s primary leader and is responsible for the overall production management from inception to completion.

They secure funding, hire key personnel, oversee production progress, and are involved in the marketing and distribution process.

You can read more on the role of producers here.


Screenwriters are responsible for writing the script, which includes the dialogue and instructions for the film.

They may be involved in the development process from the beginning or brought in to rewrite an existing script.

Sometimes, the screenwriter and the director are the same.

You can read more about the many roles of screenwriters here.

Casting Director:

While sometimes considered a below-the-line role, casting directors play a crucial part in pre-production by selecting actors for every role in a film.

This involves working closely with the director and producer to understand the characters and find talent that fits the film’s vision.

Principal Actors:

The main cast members have significant speaking roles and screen time.

Stars and leading actors can have a major influence on the film’s production, including aspects like script changes and the direction of their characters.

You might like this article on how to start acting when you have no experience.

Production Designer:

The individual in charge of the film’s overall look, from sets and locations to costumes and props.

They work closely with the director to ensure the visual atmosphere reflects the story.


The composer is responsible for creating the film’s musical score, which is crucial in setting the tone and emotional background.

Read my interview with Michael Manky, who did much of the soundtrack for my first short film Vect0r.

Executive Producer(s):

These are often the people who finance or facilitate the securing of financing for the film, and they may not be involved in the day-to-day production. T

hey have a say in the key decisions affecting the production.

Final thoughts

These roles above are considered above the line because they are the creative minds that define the project.

Their roles are critical to the film’s identity, narrative, and direction.

They are typically involved throughout the entire filmmaking process or during key stages of development, pre-production, and post-production.

I hope you enjoyed this article. Did I forget anyone important? Let me know in the comments below.


  • Jan Sørup

    Jan Sørup is a indie filmmaker, videographer and photographer from Denmark. He owns filmdaft.com and the Danish company Apertura, which produces video content for big companies in Denmark and Scandinavia. Jan has a background in music, has drawn webcomics, and is a former lecturer at the University of Copenhagen.

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