Definition: Persona refers to an actor’s character on screen, encompassing their behavior, emotions, and overall presence. It is the image that an actor constructs to create a believable and engaging character for the audience. A persona can be shaped by various elements such as dialogue, physical appearance, gestures, and relationships with other characters.
Personas can be seen in many places within popular culture, especially in music, where many famous music stars have played with different personas throughout their careers:
- Ziggy Stardust (David Bowie): Ziggy Stardust was Bowie’s androgynous and flamboyant alter ego, known for his wild outfits and theatrical performances in the early 1970s.
- The Thin White Duke (David Bowie): The Thin White Duke was introduced during the mid-1970s. Slicked-back blond hair, a stylish wardrobe, and a detached, emotionless demeanor characterized this character.
- Sasha Fierce (Beyoncé): Sasha Fierce represents Beyoncé’s more confident and aggressive side. She has often performed as Sasha Fierce during her live shows since 2008, bringing a more intense energy to her performances.
- Lady Gaga (Lady Gaga): is known for her ever-changing and theatrical personas. From her early days as the avant-garde pop star with outrageous outfits and performances to her more recent stripped-down and vulnerable persona in her album “Joanne,” Lady Gaga has continuously reinvented herself.
- Hannah Montana (Miley Cyrus): Hannah Montana is a fictional character from the Disney Channel. She is a teenage pop star who lives double as a regular high school student. Hannah Montana represents the struggle of balancing fame and normalcy, projecting a perfect and glamorous persona on stage while trying to maintain a normal teenage life offstage.
Different kinds of personas can be found in movies, each contributing to the overall storytelling and impact of the film.
Here are a few examples:
This persona represents a virtuous and courageous character who embodies bravery, selflessness, and moral integrity.
An excellent example of this persona is seen in the character of Captain America, played by Chris Evans, in the Marvel Cinematic Universe films.
Captain America displays unwavering heroism and the desire to protect and serve others.
This persona depicts a character who is antagonistic, evil, or morally corrupt. One notable example is the character of The Joker, played by Heath Ledger, in “The Dark Knight” (2008).
The Joker is a complex and chaotic villain who creates chaos and challenges the hero’s morality.
This persona revolves around characters who portray love, passion, and romantic relationships.
An iconic example is the character of Noah, played by Ryan Gosling, in “The Notebook” (2004).
Noah’s romantic persona is characterized by his unwavering love for Allie and dedication to their relationship.
This persona is associated with characters who provide humor and comedic relief in movies.
A classic example is the character of Ace Ventura, played by Jim Carrey, in “Ace Ventura: Pet Detective” (1994).
Ace Ventura’s comedic persona is known for his eccentric behavior, physical comedy, and hilarious one-liners.
Related: What is Jocularity in film?
The difference between Persona and Alter Ego
An alter ego and a persona are not the same, although they can be related concepts.
While both alter ego and persona involve adopting different identities, an alter ego is typically seen as a separate personality, while a persona is more of a social role or image projected by an individual.
|A separate personality, contrasting the main character’s primary identity
|An outward image or public persona presented to the world
|Showcase hidden or suppressed traits and emotions
|Create a desired image or mask to navigate social situations
|Relation to the Main Character
|Considered as a distinct entity from the main character
|Part of the main character’s identity
|Represents unfiltered aspects of the character’s psyche
|Reflects how the character wants to be perceived by others
|Can expose hidden desires or darker sides of the character
|May not necessarily reveal the character’s true nature or inner thoughts
One example of a persona and alter ego is the character of Tony Stark, also known as Iron Man, in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.
Tony Stark is the billionaire genius, playboy, and philanthropist who creates the high-tech Iron Man suit to fight crime and protect the world. He is charismatic, confident, and known for his quick wit and charm.
This is his persona, the public face he presents to the world.
However, Tony Stark struggles with the flaws and insecurities beneath his charismatic exterior.
His alter ego, Iron Man, embodies his inner strength and determination. When he puts on the suit, he becomes a superhero, using his intelligence and technology to save lives and battle villains.
Throughout the movies, Tony Stark’s persona and alter ego are constantly intertwined, with his public image often reflecting his internal struggles.
From heroic and villainous personas to romantic and comedic ones, each persona adds a unique flavor to the film and helps the audience connect with the story.
The versatility and diversity of personas in movies allow for a wide range of emotions and experiences to be depicted on screen, making the cinematic experience more captivating and memorable.