What is an Anti-Villain? Definition & Examples from Film

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An anti-villain is a complex character archetype that blurs the lines between traditional heroes and villains. Unlike conventional antagonists, anti-villains often possess noble intentions or moral codes that are at odds with their actions. Because of this, they often challenge our perception of morality.

Characteristics of Anti-Villains

Overall, the characteristics of an anti-villain can be divided into three defining traits: moral ambiguity, a sympathetic backstory, and conflicting goals. When you write an anti-villain, consider these as three legs for your antagonist to stand on:

Moral Ambiguity

Anti-villains are defined by their moral ambiguity. They often operate under a personal code of ethics that can conflict with societal norms (or as is the case with Thanos from MCU – the Universe – or half of it anyway). This ethical complexity makes them relatable and allows us to empathize with their motivations, even if their actions are objectionable.

Sympathetic Backstory

A sympathetic backstory is essential for developing an anti-villain. This often involves a traumatic event or series of experiences that shape their worldview and justify their actions in their own eyes. Understanding these backgrounds can make their villainous deeds appear as a means to an end rather than acts of pure malice.

Conflicting Goals

Anti-villains typically have conflicting goals that pit them against protagonists. Their objectives can be altruistic but misguided, leading to morally questionable methods. This conflict is central to their role in the narrative, highlighting the grey areas of ethical decision-making.

Types of Anti-Villains

There are many ways to write a good anti-villain, which can be more or less multifaceted. That being said, they often share some common traits, which can be categorized as tropes.

The Well-Intentioned Extremist

This type of anti-villain believes in a cause so fervently that they are willing to commit unethical acts to achieve their goals. Their intentions are noble, but their methods are extreme.

Example: In Black Panther (2018), Erik Killmonger seeks to liberate oppressed people worldwide, but his methods are violent and destructive.

The Tragic Anti-Villain

Tragic anti-villains are shaped by personal loss or hardship, which drives them to villainy. Their suffering makes them sympathetic, and their actions are often a misguided attempt to cope with their pain.

Example: In Magneto from the X-Men series, his traumatic experiences during the Holocaust shape his belief that mutants must dominate humans to avoid persecution.

The Corrupted Hero

This character starts with heroic ideals but becomes corrupted by power, greed, or other vices. Their descent into villainy is gradual, making their transformation more poignant.

Example: Anakin Skywalker’s fall to Darth Vader in Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith (2005) illustrates how a hero can become an anti-villain through a series of tragic decisions.

Techniques for Portraying Anti-Villains

Portraying an anti-villain requires complex character development that explores the character’s psyche, motivations, and moral conflicts. Work hard on writing a detailed backstory, inner monologues, and interactions with other characters that reveal their ethical dilemmas.

Also, remember to keep the balance. Your screenplay should balance the anti-villain’s positive traits with their negative actions. This balance is key for maintaining the character’s moral ambiguity. Dialogue and plot points should reveal their internal conflicts and the rationale behind their actions.

Summing Up

Anti-villains do bad things but have understandable or sympathetic motivations. Unlike typical villains, they often have noble goals or personal reasons that make their actions more complex and relatable. This makes them more human and sometimes even likable despite their wrongdoing.

Up Next: What is an anti-hero?

Author

  • Jan Sørup

    Jan Sørup is a indie filmmaker, videographer and photographer from Denmark. He owns filmdaft.com and the Danish company Apertura, which produces video content for big companies in Denmark and Scandinavia. Jan has a background in music, has drawn webcomics, and is a former lecturer at the University of Copenhagen.

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