What is a Hero? Definition & Examples from Film

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In literature and film, a hero is a character archetype who faces challenges, shows courage, and often sacrifices for the greater good. They typically embark on a journey, grow through their experiences, and inspire others. Heroes are central figures who fight against evil or hardship, striving to achieve justice or protect others.

Characteristics of the Hero

Superhero Hero s journey

The hero archetype is a character who embarks on a journey, faces significant challenges, and ultimately achieves transformation. For example, Joseph Campbell’s concept of the Hero’s Journey describes a universal pattern many heroes follow, known as the monomyth.

Here’s a condensed version:

  1. Call to Adventure: Heroes are typically called to leave their ordinary world and venture into the unknown. This call often comes in the form of a challenge or quest.
  2. Supernatural Aid: They frequently receive help from a mentor or supernatural being who equips them with the wisdom or tools necessary for their journey.
  3. Threshold Guardians: Heroes encounter obstacles that test their resolve and commitment to their quest.
  4. Transformation: The journey fundamentally changes the hero, often resulting in personal growth or insight.
  5. Return with the Elixir: The hero returns to their ordinary world, bringing back something of value, whether it be knowledge, a physical item, or a renewed sense of purpose.

Types of Heroes

Heroes often embody virtues like courage, perseverance, and justice, serving as a moral compass for the audience.

Classical Heroes

Classical heroes often possess noble qualities and exhibit bravery and honor. They are usually of divine or royal lineage and undertake quests that require them to perform extraordinary feats.

Example: Hercules (1997), where Hercules, the son of Zeus, must prove himself a true hero to reclaim his place on Mount Olympus.

Everyman Heroes

Everyman heroes are ordinary individuals who find themselves in extraordinary situations. Their relatability often makes them appealing to the audience, embodying the idea that anyone can rise to the occasion.

Example: Die Hard (1988), where John McClane, an ordinary cop, faces off against terrorists in a high-rise building.

Anti-Heroes

Anti-heroes are protagonists who lack traditional heroic qualities such as morality or courage. They often have complex personalities and morally ambiguous actions, making them intriguing and relatable.

Example: Deadpool (2016), where Wade Wilson, a mercenary with a twisted sense of humor, becomes an unconventional hero after transforming.

Tragic Heroes

Tragic heroes are noble characters with a fatal flaw (hamartia) that leads to their downfall. Their stories often evoke a sense of pity and fear.

Example: Macbeth (2015), wherein Macbeth’s ambition and subsequent actions lead to his ultimate demise.

Summing Up

The hero archetype is fundamental to storytelling and provides a framework for characters that undergo significant transformation. Heroes, whether classical or everyman, anti-hero or tragic, continue to captivate and inspire.

However, for a hero to be interesting and not fall into the Captain Marvel or Superman overpowered trap, they must be multifaceted. When you write your hero for a film, create a character with strengths and flaws. Show their growth through challenges, revealing different layers of their personality. Include relatable traits and moral dilemmas to make them complex and human. Balance their heroic actions with personal struggles to keep your audience engaged.

Up Next: What is an anti-hero in film?

Author

  • Jan Sørup

    Jan Sørup is a indie filmmaker, videographer and photographer from Denmark. He owns filmdaft.com and the Danish company Apertura, which produces video content for big companies in Denmark and Scandinavia. Jan has a background in music, has drawn webcomics, and is a former lecturer at the University of Copenhagen.

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